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State Rules of Civil Procedure

The first state to establish uniform rules of civil procedure was New York, which in 1848 enacted the Field Code, named after its principal author, David Dudley Field. Over the next several decades, nearly all states had either adopted the Code outright or had made other considerable changes to their procedures. As of 2002, the Code has been replaced with modified versions of the FRCP in nearly all states. Notwithstanding, there are procedural differences from state to state, and it is imperative that litigants are familiar with state rules before proceeding in court. Copies of state rules may often be found at public libraries, college libraries, and/or on states’ official Internet websites.

ALABAMA: See Title 6 of the Alabama Code of 1975, also available at

ALASKA: See Title 9 of Alaska Statutes, “Code of Civil Procedure.”

ARIZONA: See Title 12 of the Arizona Revised Statutes, available at

ARKANSAS: See Title 16, Subtitle 5 of the Arkansas Code, available at

CALIFORNIA: See the “California Code of Civil Procedure.”

COLORADO: See Title 13 of the Colorado Constitution, “Colorado Rules of Civil Procedure.”

CONNECTICUT: See Title 52 of the General Statutes of Connecticut, available at

DELAWARE: See Title 10, Part 3 of the Delaware Code, “Courts and Judicial Procedure.”


FLORIDA: See “Florida Rules of Civil Procedure,” from the Florida Lawyers World Wide Web Resource Center at

GEORGIA: See Title 9, Chapter 10 of the Georgia Code.

IDAHO: See Titles 1-13 of the Idaho Code.

ILLINOIS: See Code of Civil Procedure, 735 IL CS 5.

INDIANA: See Title 34 of the Indiana Code, Articles 1-57, available at

IOWA: See Title X, Subtitle 3 of the Iowa Code, available at

KANSAS: See Chapters 60 and 61 of the Kansas Statutes, available at

KENTUCKY: See Kentucky Rules of Court, authority found in Kentucky Constitution, Articles 109-116.

LOUISIANA: See the Louisiana Code of Civil Procedure, available at

MAINE: See Maine Rules of Civil Procedure, available at

MARYLAND: See “Courts and Judicial Procedures,” Section 1-101, et seq., available at

MASSACHUSETTS: See Chapters 211-262 of the General Laws of Massachusetts, “Courts, Judicial Officers and Proceedings in Civil Cases.”

MICHIGAN: See “Michigan Rules of Court,” available at

MINNESOTA: See Chapters 540-552.

MISSISSIPPI: See Title 11 of Mississippi Code of 1972, available at

MISSOURI: See Missouri Revised Statutes, Title XXXV, Chapters 506-517, available at

MONTANA: See Title 25 of state statute.

NEBRASKA: See Chapters 25 and 26 of Nebraska statutes, available at

NEVADA: See Titles 3-6 of the Nevada Revised Statutes.

NEW HAMPSHIRE: See Title LIII, Chapters 514-526 of the New Hampshire Revised Statutes, “Proceedings in Court,” available at

NEW JERSEY: See Chapter 2A of the New Jersey Permanent Statutes, available at

NEW YORK: See Chapter 8 of the New York State Consolidated Laws, available at

NORTH CAROLINA: See Chapters 1 and 1A of the North Carolina General Statutes.

NORTH DAKOTA: See Chapter 28 of the Century Code. “Judicial Procedure, Civil.”

OKLAHOMA: See Title 12 of the Oklahoma Statutes.

OREGON: See Chapters 12-36 of the Oregon Revised Statutes.

PENNSYLVANIA: See Pennsylvania Constitution of 1968, Article V, Section 10C, 42 PA CS 1722, available at

RHODE ISLAND: See Title 9, available at

SOUTH CAROLINA: See Title 15 of the Code of Laws, available at

SOUTH DAKOTA: See Title 15.

TENNESSEE: See Titles 19 and 20.

TEXAS: See “Civil Practice and Remedies Code,” available at

UTAH: See Future Title 28-“Judicial Code” of the Utah Code, available at

VERMONT: See Title 12 of the Vermont Statutes.

VIRGINIA: See Virginia Code Section 915a, available at

WASHINGTON: See Title 4, “Civil Procedure,” of the Revised Code of Washington, available at

WEST VIRGINIA: See Chapters 55-58.

WISCONSIN: See Chapters 801-847 of the Wisconsin Statutes.

WYOMING: See Title 1 of the Wyoming Statutes, available at

Inside State Rules of Civil Procedure